The United States accepts those refugees considered most vulnerable around the world. After registering as a refugee with a U.S. Embassy, non-governmental organization (NGO), or with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), refugees are either admitted as candidates for resettlement directly by the U.S. Refugee Program (USRAP) or referred by UNHCR.
Resettlement candidates then must go through a comprehensive security screening by the Department of Homeland Security, the National Counterterrorism Center, the FBI’s Terrorist Screening Center, the Department of State, and the Department of Defense. This security process is more comprehensive than that for any other category of foreign national entering the U.S.
The refugees then have a face-to-face interview with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service before being conditionally approved, pending a health screening. Those refugees who are approved for resettlement are then resettled in locations based on consultations between the Department of State and national resettlement agencies.